**Chemistry for Engineering Students 4th Edition by Lawrence S. Brown, ISBN-13: 978-0357026991**

[PDF eBook eTextbook] – **Available Instantly**

- Publisher: Cengage Learning; 4th edition (August 30, 2018)
- Language: English
- 612 pages
- ISBN-10: 0357026993
- ISBN-13: 978-0357026991

Enhanced with new problems and applications, the * Fourth Edition* of

*provides a concise, thorough, and relevant introduction to chemistry that prepares you for further study in any engineering field. Updated with new conceptual understanding questions and applications specifically geared toward engineering, the book emphasizes the connection between molecular properties and observable physical properties and the connections between chemistry and other subjects such as mathematics and physics.*

**CHEMISTRY FOR ENGINEERING STUDENTS****Table of Contents:**

Cover Page

Title Page

Copyright Page

About the Authors

Preface

Acknowledgments

Student Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction to Chemistry

1.1. INSIGHT: Critical Materials

1.2. The Study of Chemistry

The Macroscopic Perspective

The Microscopic or Particulate Perspective

Symbolic Representation

1.3. The Science of Chemistry: Observations, Models, and Systems

Observations in Science

Interpreting Observations

Models in Science

1.4. Numbers and Measurements in Chemistry

Units

Numbers and Significant Figures

1.5. Problem Solving in Chemistry and Engineering

Using Ratios

Ratios in Chemistry Calculations

Conceptual Chemistry Problems

Visualization in Chemistry

1.6. INSIGHT: Touchscreen Technology

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Critical Materials

Problems and Exercises: The Study of Chemistry

Problems and Exercises: Observations, Models, and Systems

Problems and Exercises: Numbers and Measurements

Problems and Exercises: Problem Solving in Chemistry and Engineering

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Touchscreen Technology

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Chapter 2. Atoms and Molecules

2.1. INSIGHT: Conducting Polymers

2.2. Atomic Structure and Mass

Fundamental Concepts of the Atom

Atomic Number and Mass Number

Isotopes

Atomic Symbols

Atomic Masses and Weights

2.3. Ions

Mathematical Description

Ions and Their Properties

2.4. Compounds and Chemical Bonds

Chemical Formulas

Chemical Bonding

2.5. The Periodic Table

Periods and Groups

Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids

2.6. Inorganic and Organic Chemistry

Inorganic Chemistry—Main Groups and Transition Metals

Organic Chemistry

Functional Groups

2.7. Chemical Nomenclature

Binary Systems

Naming Covalent Compounds

Naming Ionic Compounds

2.8. INSIGHT: Polyethylene

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Conducting Polymers

Problems and Exercises: Atomic Structure and Mass

Problems and Exercises: Ions

Problems and Exercises: Compounds and Chemical Bonds

Problems and Exercises: The Periodic Table

Inorganic and Organic Chemistry

Chemical Nomenclature

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Polyethylene

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Cumulative Problems

Chapter 3. Molecules, Moles, and Chemical Equations

3.1. INSIGHT: Biomass and Biofuel Engineering

3.2. Chemical Formulas and Equations

Writing Chemical Equations

Balancing Chemical Equations

3.3. Aqueous Solutions and Net Ionic Equations

Solutions, Solvents, and Solutes

Chemical Equations for Aqueous Reactions

Acid–Base Reactions

3.4. Interpreting Equations and the Mole

Interpreting Chemical Equations

Avogadro’s Number and the Mole

Determining Molar Mass

3.5. Calculations Using Moles and Molar Masses

Elemental Analysis: Determining Empirical and Molecular Formulas

Molarity

Dilution

3.6. INSIGHT: Carbon Sequestration

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Biomass and Biofuel Engineering

Problems and Exercises: Chemical Formulas and Equations

Problems and Exercises: Aqueous Solutions and Net Ionic Equations

Problems and Exercises: Interpreting Equations and the Mole

Problems and Exercises: Calculations Using Moles and Molar Masses

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Carbon Sequestration

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Additional Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Problems and Exercises: Cumulative Problems

Chapter 4. Stoichiometry

4.1. INSIGHT: Gasoline and Other Fuels

4.2. Fundamentals of Stoichiometry

Obtaining Ratios from a Balanced Chemical Equation

4.3. Limiting Reactants

4.4. Theoretical and Percentage Yields

4.5. Solution Stoichiometry

4.6. INSIGHT: Alternative Fuels and Fuel Additives

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Gasoline and Other Fuels

Problems and Exercises: Fundamentals of Stoichiometry

Problems and Exercises: Limiting Reactants

Problems and Exercises: Theoretical and Percentage Yields

Problems and Exercises: Solution Stoichiometry

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Alternative Fuels and Fuel Additives

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Additional Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Problems and Exercises: Cumulative Problems

Chapter 5. Gases

5.1. INSIGHT: Natural Gas Production

Properties of Gases

5.2. Pressure

Measuring Pressure

Units of Pressure

5.3. History and Application of the Gas Law

Units and the Ideal Gas Law

5.4. Partial Pressure

5.5. Stoichiometry of Reactions Involving Gases

STP Conditions

5.6. Kinetic–Molecular Theory and Ideal Versus Real Gases

Postulates of the Model

Real Gases and Limitations of the Kinetic Theory

Correcting the Ideal Gas Equation

5.7. INSIGHT: Gas Sensors

Capacitance Manometer

Thermocouple Gauge

Ionization Gauge

Mass Spectrometer

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Natural Gas Production

Problems and Exercises: Pressure

Problems and Exercises: The Gas Law

Problems and Exercises: Partial Pressure

Problems and Exercises: Stoichiometry with Gases

Problems and Exercises: Kinetic Theory and Real Gases

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Pressure Sensors

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Additional Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Problems and Exercises: Cumulative Problems

Chapter 6. The Periodic Table and Atomic Structure

6.1. INSIGHT: Trace Analysis

6.2. The Electromagnetic Spectrum

The Wave Nature of Light

The Particulate Nature of Light

6.3. Atomic Spectra

The Bohr Atom

6.4. The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom

Potential Energy and Orbitals

Quantum Numbers

Visualizing Orbitals

6.5. The Pauli Exclusion Principle and Electron Configurations

Orbital Energies and Electron Configurations

Hund’s Rule and the Aufbau Principle

6.6. The Periodic Table and Electron Configurations

6.7. Periodic Trends in Atomic Properties

Atomic Size

Ionization Energy

Electron Affinity

6.8. INSIGHT: Modern Light Sources: LEDs and Lasers

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Trace Analysis

Problems and Exercises: The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Problems and Exercises: Atomic Spectra

Problems and Exercises: The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom

Problems and Exercises: The Pauli Exclusion Principle and Electron Configurations

Problems and Exercises: The Periodic Table and Electron Configurations

Problems and Exercises: Periodic Trends of Atomic Properties

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Modern Light Sources: LEDs and Lasers

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Additional Problems

Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Problems and Exercises: Cumulative Problems

Chapter 7. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

7.1. INSIGHT: Materials for Biomedical Engineering

7.2. The Ionic Bond

Formation of Cations

Formation of Anions

7.3. The Covalent Bond

Chemical Bonds and Energy

Chemical Bonds and Reactions

Chemical Bonds and the Structure of Molecules

7.4. Electronegativity and Bond Polarity

Electronegativity

Bond Polarity

7.5. Keeping Track of Bonding: Lewis Structures

Resonance

7.6. Orbital Overlap and Chemical Bonding

7.7. Hybrid Orbitals

7.8. Shapes of Molecules

7.9. INSIGHT: Molecular-Scale Engineering for Drug Delivery

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Materials for Biomedical Engineering

Problems and Exercises: The Ionic Bond

Problems and Exercises: The Covalent Bond

Problems and Exercises: Electronegativity and Bond Polarity

Problems and Exercises: Keeping Track of Bonding: Lewis Structures

Problems and Exercises: Orbital Overlap and Chemical Bonding

Problems and Exercises: Hybrid Orbitals

Problems and Exercises: Shapes of Molecules

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Molecular Scale Engineering for Drug Delivery

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Additional Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Problems and Exercises: Cumulative Problems

Chapter 8. Molecules and Materials

8.1. INSIGHT: Carbon

8.2. Condensed Phases—Solids

8.3. Bonding in Solids: Metals, Insulators, and Semiconductors

Models of Metallic Bonding

Band Theory and Conductivity

Semiconductors

8.4. Intermolecular Forces

Forces Between Molecules

Dispersion Forces

Dipole–Dipole Forces

Hydrogen Bonding

8.5. Condensed Phases—Liquids

Vapor Pressure

Boiling Point

Surface Tension

8.6. Polymers

Addition Polymers

Condensation Polymers

Copolymers

Physical Properties

Polymers and Additives

8.7. INSIGHT: Micro-Electrical-Mechanical Systems (MEMS)

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Carbon

Problems and Exercises: Condensed Phases—Solids

Problems and Exercises: Metals and Metallic Bonding

Problems and Exercises: Intermolecular Forces

Problems and Exercises: Condensed Phases—Liquids

Problems and Exercises: Polymers

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Micro-Electrical-Mechanical Systems (MEMS)

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Additional Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Problems and Exercises: Cumulative Problems

Chapter 9. Energy and Chemistry

9.1. INSIGHT: Energy Use and the World Economy

9.2. Defining Energy

Forms of Energy

Heat and Work

Energy Units

9.3. Energy Transformation and Conservation of Energy

Waste Energy

9.4. Heat Capacity and Calorimetry

Heat Capacity and Specific Heat

Calorimetry

9.5. Enthalpy

Defining Enthalpy

Δ H of Phase Changes

Vaporization and Electricity Production

Heat of Reaction

Bonds and Energy

Heats of Reaction for Some Specific Reactions

9.6. Hess’s Law and Heats of Reaction

Hess’s Law

Formation Reactions and Hess’s Law

9.7. Energy and Stoichiometry

Energy Density and Fuels

9.8. INSIGHT: Power Distribution and the Electrical Grid

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Energy Use and the World Economy

Problems and Exercises: Defining Energy

Problems and Exercises: Energy Transformation and Conservation of Energy

Problems and Exercises: Heat Capacity and Calorimetry

Problems and Exercises: Enthalpy

Problems and Exercises: Hess’s Law and Heats of Reaction

Problems and Exercises: Energy and Stoichiometry

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Power Distribution and the Electrical Grid

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Additional Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Problems and Exercises: Cumulative Problems

Chapter 10. Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

10.1. INSIGHT: Recycling of Plastics

10.2. Spontaneity

Nature’s Arrow

Spontaneous Processes

Enthalpy and Spontaneity

10.3. Entropy

Probability and Spontaneous Change

Definition of Entropy

Judging Entropy Changes in Processes

10.4. The Second Law of Thermodynamics

The Second Law

Implications and Applications

10.5. The Third Law of Thermodynamics

10.6. Gibbs Free Energy

Free Energy and Spontaneous Change

Free Energy and Work

10.7. Free Energy and Chemical Reactions

Implications of Δ G ° for a Reaction

10.8. INSIGHT: The Economics of Recycling

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Recycling of Plastics

Problems and Exercises: Spontaneity

Problems and Exercises: Entropy

Problems and Exercises: The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Problems and Exercises: The Third Law of Thermodynamics

Problems and Exercises: Gibbs Free Energy

Problems and Exercises: Free Energy and Chemical Reactions

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: The Economics of Recycling

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Additional Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Problems and Exercises: Cumulative Problems

Chapter 11. Chemical Kinetics

11.1. INSIGHT: Urban Air Pollution

11.2. Rates of Chemical Reactions

Concept of Rate and Rates of Reaction

Stoichiometry and Rate

Average Rate and Instantaneous Rate

11.3. Rate Laws and the Concentration Dependence of Rates

The Rate Law

Determination of the Rate Law

11.4. Integrated Rate Laws

Zero-Order Integrated Rate Law

First-Order Integrated Rate Law

Second-Order Integrated Rate Law

Half-Life

11.5. Temperature and Kinetics

Temperature Effects and Molecules That React

Arrhenius Behavior

11.6. Reaction Mechanisms

Elementary Steps and Reaction Mechanisms

Mechanisms and Rate: The Rate-Determining Step

11.7. Catalysis

Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysts

Molecular Perspective of Catalysis

Catalysis and Process Engineering

11.8. INSIGHT: Air Quality Monitoring

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Air Pollution

Problems and Exercises: Rates of Chemical Reactions

Problems and Exercises: Rate Laws and the Concentration Dependence of Rates

Problems and Exercises: Integrated Rate Laws

Problems and Exercises: Temperature and Kinetics

Problems and Exercises: Reaction Mechanisms

Problems and Exercises: Catalysis

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Air Quality Monitoring

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Additional Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Problems and Exercises: Cumulative Problems

Chapter 12. Chemical Equilibrium

12.1. INSIGHT: Concrete Production and Weathering

12.2. Chemical Equilibrium

Forward and Reverse Reactions

Mathematical Relationships

12.3. Equilibrium Constants

The Equilibrium (Mass Action) Expression

Gas Phase Equilibria: K p vs. K c

Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Equilibria

Numerical Importance of the Equilibrium Expression

Mathematical Manipulation of Equilibrium Constants

Reversing the Chemical Equation

Adjusting the Stoichiometry of the Chemical Reaction

Equilibrium Constants for a Series of Reactions

Units and the Equilibrium Constant

12.4. Equilibrium Concentrations

Equilibrium Concentrations from Initial Concentrations

Mathematical Techniques for Equilibrium Calculations

12.5. LeChatelier’s Principle

Effect of a Change in Concentration of Reactant or Product on Equilibrium

Effect of a Change in Pressure on Equilibrium When Gases Are Present

Effect of a Change in Temperature on Equilibrium

Effect of a Catalyst on Equilibrium

12.6. Solubility Equilibria

Solubility Product Constant

Defining the Solubility Product Constant

The Relationship Between K sp and Molar Solubility

Common Ion Effect

Reliability of Using Molar Concentrations

12.7. Acids and Bases

The Brønsted–Lowry Theory of Acids and Bases

The Role of Water in the Brønsted–Lowry Theory

Weak Acids and Bases

Strong Acid–Strong Base Titrations

Weak Acid–Strong Base Titrations

12.8. Free Energy and Chemical Equilibrium

Graphical Perspective

Free Energy and Nonstandard Conditions

12.9. INSIGHT: Bendable Concrete

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Concrete Production and Weathering

Problems and Exercises: Chemical Equilibrium

Problems and Exercises: Equilibrium Constants

Problems and Exercises: Equilibrium Concentrations

Problems and Exercises: LeChatelier’s Principle

Problems and Exercises: Solubility Equilibria

Problems and Exercises: Acids and Bases

Problems and Exercises: Free Energy and Chemical Equilibrium

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Bendable Concrete

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Additional Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Problems and Exercises: Cumulative Problems

Chapter 13. Electrochemistry

13.1. INSIGHT: Corrosion

13.2. Oxidation–Reduction Reactions and Galvanic Cells

Oxidation–Reduction and Half-Reactions

Building a Galvanic Cell

Terminology for Galvanic Cells

Atomic Perspective on Galvanic Cells

Galvanic Corrosion and Uniform Corrosion

13.3. Cell Potentials

Measuring Cell Potential

Standard Reduction Potentials

Cathodic Protection

Nonstandard Conditions

13.4. Cell Potentials and Equilibrium

Cell Potentials and Free Energy

Equilibrium Constants

13.5. Batteries

Primary Cells

Secondary Cells

Fuel Cells

Limitations of Batteries

13.6. Electrolysis

Electrolysis and Polarity

Passive Electrolysis in Refining Aluminum

Active Electrolysis and Electroplating

13.7. Electrolysis and Stoichiometry

Current and Charge

Calculations Using Masses of Substances in Electrolysis

13.8. INSIGHT: Batteries in Engineering Design

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Corrosion

Problems and Exercises: Oxidation–Reduction Reactions and Galvanic Cells

Problems and Exercises: Cell Potentials

Problems and Exercises: Cell Potentials and Equilibrium

Problems and Exercises: Batteries

Problems and Exercises: Electrolysis

Problems and Exercises: Electrolysis and Stoichiometry

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Batteries in Engineering Design

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Problems and Exercises: Cumulative Problems

Chapter 14. Nuclear Chemistry

14.1. INSIGHT: Cosmic Rays and Carbon Dating

14.2. Radioactivity and Nuclear Reactions

Radioactive Decay

Alpha Decay

Beta Decay

Gamma Decay

Electron Capture

Positron Emission

14.3. Kinetics of Radioactive Decay

Radiocarbon Dating

14.4. Nuclear Stability

14.5. Energetics of Nuclear Reactions

Binding Energy

Magic Numbers and Nuclear Shells

14.6. Transmutation, Fission, and Fusion

Transmutation: Changing One Nucleus into Another

Fission

Nuclear Reactors

Nuclear Waste

Fusion

14.7. The Interaction of Radiation and Matter

Ionizing and Penetrating Power of Radiation

Methods of Detecting Radiation

Measuring Radiation Dose

14.8. INSIGHT: Modern Medical Imaging Methods

Focus on Problem Solving

Summary

Key Terms

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Cosmic Rays and Carbon Dating

Problems and Exercises: Radioactivity and Nuclear Reactions

Problems and Exercises: Radioactive Decay Rates

Problems and Exercises: Nuclear Stability

Problems and Exercises: Energetics of Nuclear Reactions

Problems and Exercises: Transmutation, Fission, and Fusion

Problems and Exercises: The Interaction of Radiation and Matter

Problems and Exercises: INSIGHT: Modern Medical Imaging

Problems and Exercises: Conceptual Problems

Problems and Exercises: Additional Problems

Problems and Exercises: Focus on Problem Solving Exercises

Appendix A

Appendix B

Appendix C

Appendix D

Appendix E

Appendix F

Appendix G

Appendix H

Appendix I

Periodic Table and Other References

* Lawrence S. Brown *(Ph.D, Princeton University) is a Senior Lecturer and coordinator for the general chemistry for engineers course at Texas A&M University. He received his B.S. in 1981 from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and his M. A. in 1983 from Princeton University. He was a Postdoctoral Fellow from 1986-88 at the University of Chicago. His research activities include active learning and use of technology in education and integration of chemistry with other subjects in the engineering curriculum. His current efforts are in (i) continued development of the CHEM 107 curriculum, (ii) improving uses of technology in chemical education, and (iii) incorporation of active learning strategies into large classroom settings. These efforts are brought together with the Foundation Coalition, an NSF-supported effort to implement a new model for the education of engineering students. Larry also monitors the CHEM 107 course for Texas A&M’s campus in Qatar in the Middle East and has traveled there numerous times.

* Tom Holme* (Ph.D, Rice University) is a chemistry professor at Iowa State University and Director of the ACS Examinations Institute. He is active in both computational chemistry and chemical education research and has been involved with the general chemistry for engineers course at both Iowa State and the University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee. Some of his recent publications include: “Designing Chemistry Practice Exams for Enhanced Benefits: An Instrument for Comparing Performance and Mental Effort Measures,” (Karen Knaus, Kristen Murphy and Thomas Holme), Journal of Chemical Education, 2009, in press; “Nanoscience Items for Standardized Exams in the Undergraduate Chemistry Curriculum” (Thomas Holme), in Nanoscale Science and Engineering Education: Issues, Trends and Future Directions, ed., A.E. Sweeny & S. Seal, American Scientific Publishers, Stevenson Ranch, CA, 2008; and “Assessing Problem-solving Strategies in Chemistry Using the IMMEX System” in Proceedings of the National STEM Assessment Conference, eds. D. Deeds & B. Callen, National Science Foundation, Washington, DC, 2008.

**What makes us different?**

• Instant Download

• Always Competitive Pricing

• 100% Privacy

• FREE Sample Available

• 24-7 LIVE Customer Support

## Reviews

There are no reviews yet.